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  • Donald Lang


Composition refers to the way that elements in a photograph are arranged. It is an important aspect of photography because it can greatly affect the impact and appeal of an image.

There are many compositional techniques that you can use to create visually appealing images. Some of the most common include:

  1. The rule of thirds: This technique involves dividing the frame into nine equal parts using two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines. The theory is that if you place your subject along these lines, or at the intersections of them, the image will be more balanced and pleasing to the eye.

  2. Leading lines: Leading lines are lines within the frame that draw the viewer's eye towards the subject. These lines can be actual lines, such as a road or a fence, or they can be implied lines, such as the edge of a table or the curve of a river.

  3. Symmetry: Symmetry can create a sense of balance and order in an image. Photographers can use symmetrical compositions by placing their subject in the center of the frame and arranging other elements symmetrically around it.

  4. Depth: Depth refers to the distance between the foreground, middle ground, and background in an image. Photographers can use depth to create a sense of dimensionality and lead the viewer's eye into the frame.

  5. Frame within a frame: This technique involves using elements in the scene, such as trees or doorways, to create a natural frame around the subject. This can help draw the viewer's attention to the subject and create a sense of intimacy.

There are many other compositional techniques that you can use, and the best technique to use will depend on the subject and the desired effect. It's important for you to experiment with different techniques and to develop your own style and approach to composition.

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